Below is a list of acronyms and terms commonly used on this blog that may benefit from being defined in one place (such as this page):
ACMG: American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics
ACOG: American Congress/College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Amniocentesis: amniocentesis, often referred to as an “amnio,” is a diagnostic test in which fetal cells are extracted from a sample of amniotic fluid taken from the womb. ACOG recommends that amniocentesis be performed no sooner than 15 weeks of gestation.
CVS: chorionic villus sampling (CVS) is a diagnostic test were chorionic villi cells are removed from the developing placenta, which contain fetal cells. CVS is performed in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Diagnostic testing: a test of fetal material that diagnoses whether the fetus has Down syndrome; most common options are a CVS or an amniocentesis; currently available diagnostic testing is invasive and poses a chance of miscarriage from the procedure
DS: Down syndrome
DSAIA: Down Syndrome Affiliates in Action
ISPD: International Society for Prenatal Diagnosis
NDSC: National Down Syndrome Congress
NDSS: National Down Syndrome Society
NIPS: Non-invasive prenatal screening–testing of cell free DNA in maternal blood stream, with most of DNA coming from placental DNA
NSGC: National Society of Genetic Counselors
PT: Prenatal Testing
RCOG: Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Screening testing: non-invasive testing that provides a recalculation of the chance of having a child with Down syndrome; screening tests have false positives and false negatives and are not diagnostic.
Selective abortion: when a pregnancy is terminated because of a prenatally diagnosed condition, e.g. sex, Down syndrome.
SOGC: Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Canada